The Zazas are an ethnic Iranic people. Their native language is Zazaki and it is spoken in eastern Anatolia. They live primarily in the eastern part of Turkey. Almost all of them consider themselves Kurds. It is generally believed that the Zazas immigrated to their modern day homeland from the southern shores of the Caspian Sea.
In the 20th century, there were two major Zaza rebellions against the Turkish Government: the Sheikh Said Rebellion in 1925 and the Dersim Rebellion in 1937-1938.